Bhojpur district was created in 1972 by dividing Shahabad districts in two parts, namely, Bhojpur and Rohtas for the sake of administrative convenience, Before that Bhojpur Judgeship was part of Shahbad Judgeship at Aarah since 09-04-1885. There were Sub divisional Courts at Sasaram, Bhabhua abd Buxar under erstwhile Shahabad Judgeship. On 23-12-1978 Shahabad Judgeship was divided into two independent Judgeship viz. Judgeship of Bhojpur at Ara with Judicial sub division at Buxar and Judgeship of Rohtas at Sasaram with sub division at Bhabhua. On 09-12-1992, Buxar was established as a full-fledged judgeship after being curved out from Bhojpur Judgeship. On 15th June 2015 two sub divisions of Bhojpur Judgeship was created namely Jagdishpur and Piro.
Mr. F.H.Harding, I.C.S. was District judge from 09.04.1885 to 31.12.1900 of the Shahabad Judgeship. Sri Bageshwari Prasad Grigaghey was the first District judge of the Bhojpur judgeship was the first District Judge of the Bhojpur Judgeship. It is a matter of pride for this Judgeship that four of the District & Sessions judge: Shri Medani Prasad Singh, Sri Bageshwari Prasad Grigaghey, Shri Phani Bhushan Prasad and Shri Ram Narayan Lal were elevated to the Hon’ble Bench as Hon’ble Judges.