The name of Bongaigaon is the elongation of a fig and old village named Bongaigaon alias Bong-ai-gaon situated on the southern border of the town. According to hearsay in the long past there were plenty of wild (Bon) Cows (Gai) in the surrounding hilly and forest areas. So, the villagers assembled time to time to drive away the wild cows for protecting their crops. Thus this area was popularly known as Bon-Gai-Gaon.
Originally, Bongaigaon district was under the Judgeship of Goalpara district along with Dhubri and Kokrajhar district with headquarter at Dhubri. In the year of 1981 the erstwhile Goalpara district was divided into 3 (three) separate district namely - Goalpara, Dhubri and Kokrajhar. But after division of separate districts, the judicial function of the said districts was under the control of Goalpara district with headquarter at Dhubri, temporarily for few years.
The decision of creating a new district Bongaigaon, curving out some areas of the Goalpara and Kokrajhar district came into existence by the Government of Assam in 1989. And on 29th September, 1989 Bongaigaon was declared a separate district by the Government of Assam with its headquarter at Bongaigaon. And thus district judiciary of Bongaigaon district was bifurcated from the erstwhile Goalpara district which started functioning w.e.f. 30/10/1992. And thus the judgeship of four district i.e., Goalpara, Dhubri, Kokrajhar and Bongaigaon of erstwhile Goalpara district now functioning separately.
The Judgeship of Bongaigaon district was created in the year of 1992 vide Govt. Notification No. JDJ.337/87/183, Dated 29/07/1992. The new court building of District & Sessions Judge, Bongaigaon was inaugurated by Mr. Justice Jasti Chelameswar, the then Chief Justice of Gauhati High Court, Guwahati on 29th Day of March 2009.
The Court of Additional District & Sessions Judge (Fast Track Court) Bongaigaon was created vide Govt. Notification No. JDJ(E)22/2001/22 dated 02/04/2001 and started functioning w.e.f. 01/06/2001. The Court of Civil Judge & Assistant Sessions Judge Bongaigaon was created vide Govt. Notification No. JDJ.129/83311 dated 19/05/1998 and started functioning w.e.f. 13/04/1999. The Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate Bongaigaon was created vide Govt. Notification No. JDJ.231/89/22 dated 02/02/1999 and started functioning w.e.f. 25/04/1999.
Bongaigaon district judiciary has only one Sub-Division namely North Salmara with headquarter at Abhayapuri. The Court of Sub-Divisional Judicial Magistrate (Mufasil) at North Salmara, Abhayapuri was established on 24/04/1987 and the Court of Munsiff at North Salmara, Abhayapuri was established on 23/07/1988.
Before creation of the Chirang District Court, Bongaigaon has another Sub-Divisional Court namely Bijni with headquarter at Bijni. The Court of Sub-Divisional Judicial Magistrate (Mufasil) at Bijni and the Court of Munsiff at Bijni were established on 11/04/1997. After creation of the Chirang District Court, Bijni Sub-Division comes under the Chirang District Court.
District & Sessions Judge is the head of the Bongaigaon District Judiciary and acts as Judge-in-Charge of the District Court complex, Bongaigaon. District & Sessions Judge is the president of the District Forum and member of the Motor Accident Claim Tribunal and Lok Adalat also.
Name & Nature of the Court
(A) District Court Complex, Bongaigaon
|Sl. No.||Name of Court||Nature of the Court|
|1||District & Sessions Judge Court||Civil & Criminal|
|2||Civil Judge & Assistant Sessions Judge Court||Civil & Criminal|
|3||Chief Judicial Magistrate Court||Criminal|
|4||Aditional Chief Judicial Magistrate Court||Criminal|
|5||Sub-Divisional Judicial Magistrate (Sadar) Court||Criminal|
|6||Munsiff-cum-Judicial Magistrate Court||Civil & Criminal|
|9||Special Railway Magistrate Court||Criminal|
(B) SDJM Court Complex, North Salmara, Abhayapuri
|Sl. No.||Name of the Court||Nature of the Court|
|1||Aditional District & Sessions Judge (FTC) Court||Civil & Criminal|
|2||Sub-Divisional Judicial Magistrate (M) Court||Criminal|
|3||Munsiff-cum-JMFC Court||Civil & Criminal|