The West Khasi Hills was carved out of the erstwhile Khasi Hills District which was divided into west and east Khasi Hills District on 28th October, 1976 with Nongstoin as its Headquarter. It has an area of 5247 sq.kms. West Khasi Hills District is divided into four blocks viz;
1.Mairang C&RD Block
2.Mawthadraishan C&RD Block
3.Nongstoin C&RD Block
4. Mawshynrut C&RD Block.
The court of the District and Sessions Judge, West Khasi Hills District, Nongstoin was established in the year 2014 and inaugurated on the 3rd day of June, 2014 jointly by the Hon'ble Chief Minister of Meghalaya Dr. Mukul Sangma and Hon'ble (Mr)P.C.Pant, Chief Justice of the High Court of Meghalaya at Nongstoin and also in the presence of the Deputy Commissioner, West Khasi Hills District, his Staffs, The Syiem of Nongkhlaw and Syiem of Khatsawphra, MLA's and Ex-MLAs, Village Sordars, the villagers, Judicial Officers, lawyers from Nongstoin, Secretary and Officers from the Law Department, Shillong and many others.