The history of Gopalganj district is part of history of old Saran district consisting of three Sub-Divisions : Sadar, Siwan and Gopalganj. Old Saran district was part of KAUSHAL Kingdom. During medival period (13th - 17th Century A.D.) it was under the tutelage of Afghan and MUGHALS. During British period the district of Gopalganj was part of the KINGDOM of Maharaja Fateh Shahi of Hussaipur at present situated within Bhorey Block of district Gopalganj. Until 1875 A.D. Gopalganj was an ANCHAL (Smallest Revenue Unit) within Saran District. In the same year Gopalganj Anchal was upgraded to the status of Sub-Division. It was further upgraded to full-fledged revenue district on 2nd October, 1973.
Its geography is elongated from east to west. It is bounded by the districts of Muzaffarpur on east, Deoria and Kushinagar (U.P.) on West, East Champaran on North and Siwan on South.
It topography is largely plain marked by swampy lands along Gandak river. Its soil is Sandy-lome sutited for cane-crop which is why this small distric of 2033 sq.K.M. area has four sugar mills, three private at Harakhua, Sidhwalia and Sasamusa and one government Sugar Factory and a Distillery at Mirganj. The total population is 21,49,343 according to last census.
ROAD AND RAIL COMMUNICATION :
N.H. 28 Passes through this district. It is being converted into Four Lane golden-quardilateral. It is connected with Chapra, Siwan and Kaptanganj by Broad-guage Railway-line. The district headquarters is directly connected with rest of India.
IMPORTANT PLACES :
Ancient THAWE temple a SIDDHA PEETH of Goddess Durga is situated at a distance of 6 K.M. from the district headquarters. People from far off places throng here throughout the year to pay obeisance to MAA THAWE BHAWANI. They say it was installed by one Maharasi Rahasu Swami, a celebate hailing from DALIT family. As the story goes, seven tigers used to thrash paddy crop for the Maharshi. The temple was recently renovated by the then District Magistrate Sarn Sri H.R. Shriniwasan, a devout devotee of goddess Durga and Pure vegetarian gentleman.
Hathua, the headquarters of Hathua Raj had important palace in British India. Architecture of Hathua Palace is based on the architecture of Buckingham Palace. The Palace has accommodated recently established Sainik School.