PROFILE OF BARNALA
Barnala is 20th district of Indian state of Punjab. It is well known City in the centre of Malwa region. Barnala was declared district in 19th November, 2006 by partitioning the erstwhile Sangrur district. Barnala is a small district both in terms of population and area. The district is surrounded by Ludhiana and Moga districts in North, Sangrur district in East, Mansa district in South and Bhatinda district in South- west. It has diverse population supporting local industries and food business. Seat of Parliament is attached with Sangrur.
Barnala is situated in the heart of Punjab. Before upgrading the status of Barnala as a District, it was a part of Sangrur district. District Barnala has two sub-divisions Barnala and Tapa, three sub-tehsil Tapa, Bhadaur, Dhanaula and three blocks Barnala, Sehna and Mehal Kalan. District has 5 Municipal committees. It consists of 17 kanungo circles, 170 patwar circles and 207 revenue villages with the district headquarter at Barnala. There are 130 villages and 158 Gram Panchyats.
Barnala was created as Police District on 16.12.1991 with Police Stations City Barnala, Sadar Barnala, Dhanaula, Tappa, Sehna, Bhadaur, Mehal Kalan and Sherpur. This Police District was converted into Revenue District on 19-11-2006 during which Police Station Sherpur was transferred to District Sangrur and new Police Stations Rureke Kalan, Tallewal, Thuliwal came into existence.
A new chapter opened in the history of Barnala on 06.07.2013, when Barnala was created as Independent Sessions Division, providing relief to the litigants and legal fraternity who had to earlier travel to Sangrur for criminal cases, as earlier Barnala was sub-division of Sangrur Sessions Division, therefore, to reduce the growing workload and bring about speedy disposal of cases, Barnala was created as Independent Sessions Division, which was formally inaugurated by Hon'ble High Court of Punjab and Haryana's Hon'ble acting Chief Justice Jasbir Singh. Smt. Sukhvinder Kaur had joined as District & Sessions Judge at Barnala on 06.07.2013. All the Courts were also shifted to new Judicial Court complex, adjacent to old Judicial Court Complex, a four storey building consisting of 16 courts, Judicial Service Centre (Suvidha Centre), Canteen and Mediation Center. The provision for separate entries for Public, Employees, Advocates & Judges have been made in this court complex. The Courts Complex at Barnala is incorporated with the latest facilities and systems which not only benefits litigants, advocates, staff and general public but also helps in smooth & efficient working of Judicial system. Electric Generator Set to tackle with problem of Power Cuts, RO system for drinking water for the litigants/staff/advocates, Fire Alarm system, Fire Extinguishers, Mini EPABX Exchange to facilitate the communication network, LAN and Computer Systems, separate parking spaces for Judges, Advocates and Public, Good Sitting arrangements for the litigants, and passenger lifts etc. are also available.
Barnala was named after Baba Ala Singh, who was a Misl Jathedar of Phulkian Misl. At one time Barnala was a part of Patiala province which was set up by Baba Ala Singh in 1719. He also laid the foundation of Patiala two hundred fifty two years ago. Baba Ala Singh conquered Sirhind by fighting his battle from this place. When he overpowered remote areas, then he shifted his capital from Barnala to Patiala keeping in mind the administrative angle.
Barnala which at one time was the capital of Patiala province was District Headquarter when Patiala province came into existence and Bathinda and Mansa used to be its Tehsils (sub-divisions). At the time of independence of India, Bathinda became separate district. After Independence, following abolition of provinces, new state of PEPSU was created in 1954. Then too Barnala was a district headquarter and Rampura Phool and Malerkotla were its Tehsils (sub-divisions). When PEPSU State with Patiala as its capital was disbanded and merged in Punjab, the status of Barnala district got degraded. It was made a sub-division. When Barnala became a sub-division, after the merger of PEPSU in Punjab, it had only Additional District and Sessions Judge Court, vested with all powers of District and Session Judge Court.
The Dera Baba Gandha Singh of Barnala too was linked with the history of Barnala. Once Bibi Pradhan kaur (famous with the name of 'Pradhan'), daughter of Maharaja Ala Singh met Baba Langar Singh. She listened to the sermon of Baba Langar Singh and was impressed to see serving meal to the people without any break. It left a deep impact on her mind. She requested Baba Langar Singh that a saint of high conduct like him be sent to Barnala who may start congregation and meal service like this there. Accepting her request, Baba Langar Singh sent his learned disciple Pandit Nikka Singh to Barnala. Maharaja Ala Singh had heard a lot about Baba Langar Singh and Pandit Nikka Singh. Whenever he talked of appointing a talented teacher for Bibi, then name of Pandit Nikka Singh used to be mentioned in high esteem. Complying with orders of Baba Langar Singh, Pandit Nikka Singh reached Barnala. Maharaja Ala Singh provided him a beautiful house to live in. Pandit ji started congregation. In this way, Dera Baba Gandha Singh came into existence. It is found that even today in the fort, regular langar is served to hundreds of the people. The hearths of Baba Ala Singh are well maintained even today and the Gurudawara is famous with the name of Baba Chulle (Hearths).
PRAJA MANDAL MOVEMENT
Apart from this, Barnala remained a nerve-centre of special activities during Praja Mandal Movement. S. Seva Singh Thikriwala was also a prominent Praja Mandal activist who was born in village Thikriwala just four kilometres away from Barnala. Every year on January 19, a three day fair-cum-festival is organized in his memory. Political conferences are also hosted by various political parties.
NOTABLE PERSONS OF BARNALA DISTRICT
Surjit Singh Barnala - He was an Indian politician who served as the Chief Minister of Punjab state from 1985 to 1987. Born on October 21, 1925 in Ateli village in Gurgaon district of joint Punjab, Mr. Barnala did his schooling from Nabha and did his graduation in Ll.B from Lucknow.
He was also involved in the Quit India Movement of 1942 after which he practiced law for some years. He was a five-time member of Punjab Assembly — 1967, 1969, 1972, 1980 and 1985 — and twice a member of the Lok Sabha in 1977 and 1998.
He has also served as the Governor of Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Andhra Pradesh and Andaman and Nicobar Islands and a Union Minister on handling various portfolios.
Mr. Barnala was elected from the Barnala assembly constituency during the 1985 assembly polls held after the signing of the Rajiv-Longowal accord.
Shri Surjit Singh Barnala was also a author and a painter. He authored a book, ‘Story of an Escape’, about his experiences of living a disguised life in various locations of India. His other book released in December 2007 is titled ‘My Other Two Daughters’. He also painted landscapes and political portraits, many of which are on display in the official residences he occupied in his various tenures. His paintings have also been sold in various fund raisers.
Barnala has area of 1482 sq Kilometer. It is located 30.37 latitude and 75.55 longitude and it is situated at elevation 237 meters above sea level.
Barnala has an extreme type of climate. Except for a short span of monsoon, the weather pattern is mostly dry. The summer season sets in April and lasts up to end of June, to be taken over by the rainy season (during which time it becomes hot and humid). The rainy season sets in the beginning of July and lasts up till September's end. The winter season starts after the rains are over from October and lasts up until March's end. May and June are the hottest months of the year in Barnala (during which time mercury is known to cross 45 °C). In summer season, highest day temperature of Barnala is in between 19 °C to 46°C. Average temperatures of January is 12 °C , February is 14 °C , March is 20 °C , April is 28 °C and May is 34 °C.
As per the Census of India, 2011, Barnala has a population of 5,95,527. Out of it, 3,17,522 (53 per cent) constitute the male population and 2,78,005 (47 per cent) female population. The male-female ratio of Barnala district is given in below Table. Total urban population is 1,90,685 while total rural population stands at 4,04,842.
BREAK UP OF POPULATION IN BARNALA DISTRICT
The population density of Barnala district is 402 people per sq. km. With regards to Sex Ratio in Barnala, it stood at 876 per 1000 male compared to 2001 census figure of 872.
So far as literacy in Barnala district is concerned, the literacy rate in Barnala district is 52 per cent as against the overall literacy rate 69.95 per cent in Punjab. Number of literate persons in Barnala is 3,59,831. Out of this, 201,999 are Male literates wherein 157,832 are Female Literates in Barnala District as per census 2011.
Barnala is the Sikh majority city with approximately 78.54 % of city population following Sikhism. Hinduism is second most popular religion in city of Barnala with 18.95% following it. In Barnala city, Islam is followed by 2.02 %, Christianity by 0.1% Jainism by 0.04 % and Buddhism by 0.02 %. Around 0.08 % stated 'Other Religion'; approximately 0.06 % stated 'No Particular Religion'.
INDUSTRIAL GROWTH AND OCCUPATIONAL STATUS
Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of Barnala district. 58 per cent population depends on agriculture -either as labourers or as cultivators. 83 per cent area of this district is under cultivation. The main crops of the district are wheat and rice but this year there is great increase in the area under cotton cultivation. Amongst the minor crops grown are maize and pulses. Recently Punjab Government has motivated the people for diversification of crops and allied activities like Fisheries, Bee Keeping, Mushroom, Oil seeds and other Vegetables cultivation.
The Barnala is a fast emerging as an important industrial growth centre on the industrial map of the state. Besides traditional goods, high quality and sophisticated items like small cutting tools, threads by spinning mills, chemicals, paper, towels, combines, tractors, electric scooty, bulldozers, cranes and their components, agricultural implements including harvester combines and thrashers, milk products, pesticides are produced in Barnala. There is another industry in Bhadaur related to truck body framing.
Barnala has many educational institutes of higher learning. It has
one school for Deaf & Dumb children. It has many primary, high and secondary schools such as
Govt High School for Boys, Barnala
Daya Nand Kendriya Vidya Mandir, Barnala
Barnala is also famous for producing 'Sahit" (literature) too. The district has produced many eminent literary poets and noval writers like Mr Ram Sarup Ankhi, Mr Om Parkash Gasso, Dr Pritam Singh Rahi, Dr Amar Komal.
The city also has places that hold religious value like the Dere Baba Gandha Singh, an ancient Gurudwara, Gurudwara Patshahi Naumi, Gurudwara Nanaksar Thath and Gurudwara Sahib Arrisar Patshahi Nouvin, among others. Apart from the Gurudwaras, Barnala also has the Geeta Bhawan, which is a Radha-Krishna temple situated in the heart of the city.
The Barnala district has a vast network of roads running through various towns and villages covering a total of 862.85 kms, which includes 72.525 kms of National Highways, 48 kms of State Highway, 17.5 kms of Major Roads and 74.84 Link Roads. The district also have a railway network. The railway line that passes through the district is the Rajpura - Bhatinda single line which passes through Barnala and Tapa Sub-Divisions of the Barnala district and it is a very prestigious railway line of the country, connecting Barnala to Ganganagar, Haridwar, Kalka, Amballa with Howrah and the Delhi – Bombay routes.
There are many Hospitals, Sub Health Centers, Dispensaries; Primary Health Centers which provide good services to the people. Besides the various multiplicity medical institutions and hospitals, there is also Civil Hospital, in Barnala, with upto date modern technique and specialized that Govt. Medical officers/doctors in surgical, orthopedic, Gyne, pediatric, medicine, ENT field. The said hospital is of the capacity of 100 begs in general besides, special wards 50 in Mother and child care center and 10 bed in drug de-addiction center. The said hospital contains 4 Dialysis units, on e special new born baby care unit, ICU unit with modern equipment and facility of ventilator. Another multistory unit of the building of the Civil Hospital has been constructed in recent past with facilities of lift, ramp, wheel chair etc.
Name of Nodal Officer maintaining Website for District Court, Barnala.
Name of Nodal Officer Maintain Website
Designated number for Coordination
Sh. Vipanjit Singh