Karimganj District is situated in the southernmost part of the state of Assam in the Northeast India. The three neighbouring districts, namely Karimganj, Cachar and Hailakandi constitute Barak valley named after the river Barak. Karimganj town, the head quarter of the Karimganj District is the second largest town in the Barak Valley. River Kushiara bifurcates from the river Barak and flows out of Karimganj. This river is international border separating Assam and Bangladesh. Total area of the District is 1809 sq. km.
At present, there are 11(eleven) Courts in the Karimganj District having population of 10,07,976 and literacy rate of 67.21% as per 2001 census, under the judgeship of the District & Sessions Judge, Karimganj. All the Civil Courts including the Court of Addl. District & Sessions Judge(F.T.C.) are housed in the court complex of the District & Sessions Judge. The existing courts within the said complex are :-
(1)The Court of the District & Sessions Judge,
(2)The Court of Addl. District & Sessions Judge(F.T.C.),
(3)The Court of Civil Judge and Asstt. Sessions Judge,
(4) The Court of Munsiff No. 1
(5)The Court of Munsiff No. 2.and
(6)The Court of Munsiff No. 3.
All the Criminal Courts in the Karimganj District are under the establishment of the Chief Judicial Magistrate are housed in the building of Deputy Commissioner office, Karimganj. The existing courts within the said complex are :-
(1) The Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate,
(2)The Court of Addl. Chief Judicial Magistrate,
(3)The Court of Sub-Divisional Judicial Magistrate,
(4) The Court of Judicial Magistrate First class No. 1, and
(5) The Court of Judicial Magistrate First class No. 2
The District has 2(two) Foreigners' Tribunals are presently functioning.
The District Legal Service Authority(D.L.S.A.) chaired by District & Sessions Judge is implementing various schemes adopted by NALSA(National Legal Service Authority) and ASLSA(Assam State Legal Service Authority).
The Consumer Dispute Redressal Forum is functioning on part time basis, the District & Sessions Judge is ex-officio president of the Forum.
Presently the Staff strength of the establishments of District & Sessions Judge and Chief Judicial Magistrate are 49 Nos. and 48 Nos. respectively.
The District area is divided among 7(Seven) police stations, namely Karimganj, Badarpur, Patherkandi, Ramakrishna Nagar ,Ratabari, Nilambazer and Bazericheera.