Kiphire has remained under Tuensang district as an administrative sub-division till it was bifurcated from Tuensang district and was inaugurated as the eleventh district of Nagaland on 24th January, 2004. Kiphire is multi-ethnic in terms of its indigenous population. There are officially three recognized tribes - Sangtam,Yimchungrü, and Sümi. Besides these, there are several sub-tribes speaking various languages.
The establishment of the Post of Judicial Magistrate First Class existed since 1997. The first Judicial Officer posted there was Late. Shri. Tepuhovi Kheza. Presently, Shri. Z. Venyo is the Judicial Magistrate First Class Kiphire.