Mandsaur District is known rather famous across the world for two reasons. First, it has the temple of Lord Pashupatinath (Shanker) at the outskirt of Mandsaur town on the bank of ever flowing Shivna River. The idol of the temple is almost akin to the idol placed in the temple of Lord Pashupatinath of Kathmandu Nepal. Secondly, it produces a large quantity of opium in the world. It has many historic remains.
The district takes its name from the headquarters town Mandsaur. It lies between the parallels of latitude 230 45' 50" North and 250 2' 55" North, and between the meridians of longitude 740 42' 30" East and 750 50' 20" East. It is an average size district of M.P. following its bifurcation in the year 2003 into Neemuch District. It extends for about 142 K.M. from North to South and 124 K.M. from East to West. The total area is 5521 K.M. with a population of 1,339,832 as per census held in the year 2011. It is bounded by two district of M.P. namely Neemuch from the North and Ratlam from the south and the State of Rajasthan from the East and the West. It is part of Malwa region and Ujjain commissionery.
The District is divided into four sub divisions and eight tehsils. The sub-divisional head quarters are at Mandsaur, Malhargarh, Sitamau and Garoth. Its tehsils are Mandsaur, Malhargarh, Garoth, Shamgarh, Daluda, Bhanpura, Suwasra and Sitamau. The outlying courts are situated in Narayangarh, Sitamau, Garoth and Bhanpura.
The slate pencil industry is the main industry of the district. However, the economy of it is agriculture based.