Panipat district is one of the 21 districts of Haryana state. The historical town of Panipat is the administrative headquarters of the district. The district occupies an area of 1268 km². Panipat is located at 29.39°N 76.97°E. It has an average elevation of 219 meters (718 feet). Panipat is situated on Shershah Suri Marg (now known as G.T. road or NH-1), 90 KM north of Delhi. On three sides, Panipat district boundaries touch other districts of Haryana – Karnal in the north, Jind in the west and Sonipat in the south. Panipat district borders the state of Uttar Pradesh across the Yamuna river in the east. The newly constructed flyover across the Grand Trunk Road completed in the year 2008 is one of the longest flyovers in India.
Panipat district was carved out from the erstwhile Karnal district on 1 November 1989. It was separated from Karnal, along with another subdivision, the Assandh tehsil. On 24 July 1991 it was again merged with Karnal district. On 1 January 1992 it again became a separate district. When the district was re-formed on 1 January 1992, the Assandh tehsil was excluded. The district is divided into two sub-divisions: Panipat and Samalkha, which are further divided into three tehsils: Panipat, Samalkha and Israna. There are four Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Panipat Rural, Panipat City, Israna and Samalkha. All of these are part of Karnal Lok Sabha constituency.
According to the 2011 census Panipat district has a population of 1,202,811. Panipat District population constituted 4.74 percent of total Haryana population. This gives it a ranking of 396th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 949 inhabitants per square kilometer (2,460 /sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 24.33 %. Panipat has a sex ratio of 861 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 77.5 %. Child Sex Ratio as per census 2011 was 833. Hindi is the main spoken languages in Panipat. Haryanvi being the state language hence the Haryanvi language is also spoken and understood here. English is also prevalent.
Panipat handloom industries are famous across all over the world. It is famous for curtains, bed sheets, blankets and carpets. Panipat is a city of textiles and carpets. It is the biggest centre for quality blankets and carpets in India and has a handloom weaving industry. In addition, Panipat city is the biggest centre of "Shoddy Yarn" in the World. Blankets prepared through Handloom and Power loom are sent to soldiers. Relatively high wages compared to the Indian national average – a worker earns Rs.250/- to 500/- per day on Handloom/ Powerloom. The Samalkha subdivision of this district is famous for Foundry of Agriculture instruments. Panipat also has heavy industry, with a refinery of the Indian Oil Corporation, a National Thermal Power Corporation power plant and a National Fertilizers Limited plant. The town has infrastructure such as rail, road and inland container depots well suited to industry and export.
The main places of attraction are "Panipat Battles Museum", Hemu 'Samadhi-sthal' and camp site of Babur and Akbar at village Sodhapur, the grave of Ibrahim Lodhi, Kabuli Bagh, Devi Mandir, Kala Amb, Salar Gunj Gate, and the tomb of the thirteenth century sufi saintBuAliShahQalandar.