Prakasam District Court

History

 

The District Court, Ongole was established in the year 1971. The District has 36 number of Courts, i.e., 8 District Courts, 8 Senior Civil Judge Courts and 20 Junior Civil Judge Courts.

The following is the list of District and Sessions Judges who have acted as such for the year 1971.

 

S.NO

Name

Period

1

Sri U. Sethumadhava Rao, B.Sc(Hons), B.L.,

15-04-1971 To 29-07-1971

2

Sri R. Natesan, B.A., B.L.,

12-08-1971 To 09-07-1974

3

Sri C.L. Narasimha Rao, B.A., B.L.,

15-07-1974 To 30-04-1977

4

Sri G. Radhakrishna Rao, B.Com., B.L.,

20-05-1977 To 31-05-1978

5

Sri T.H.B. Chalapathi, B.Sc., B.L.,

03-06-1978 To 21-05-1979

6

Sri K.P. Narayana Rao, B.A., B.L.,

23-05-1979 To 03-07-1979

7

Sri T.B. Seshacharyulu, B.L.,

07-07-1979 To 05-05-1981

8

Smt. T. Kotamma Reddy, B.A., B.L.,

17-05-1981 To 28-02-1983

9

Sri K. Mohana Rao, M.A., B.L.,

02-03-1983 To 18-02-1985

10

Sri K.B. Siddappa, M.A., B.L.,

05-08-1985 To 24-06-1987

11

Sri M.Radhakrishna Reddy, B.A., B.L.,

24-06-1987 To 08-09-1988

12

Sri C. Prakasa Rao, B.A., LL.B.,

08-09-1988 To 08-06-1989

13

Sri A. Sanjeeva Rao, B.L.,

20-07-1989 To 02-01-1991

14

Sri T.Ch. Surya Rao, B.Sc., B.L.,

02-01-1991 To 19-05-1992

15

Sri Aditya Pratap Bhanjdeo, HJS

11-06-1992 To 05-05-1995

16

Sri B. Seshasayana Reddy, B.A., B.L.,

11-05-1995 To 12-12-1996

17

Sri P. Jagannadham Naidu, B.Sc., B.L.,

13-12-1996 To 13-05-1998

18

Sri D. Subrahmanyam, B.A., B.L.,

13-05-1998 To 12-05-2000

19

Sri P. Lakshmana Reddy, B.Sc., LL.B.,

16-05-2000 To 19-11-2001

20

Sri P. Durga Prasad, B.Sc., B.L.,

29-12-2001 To 27-04-2004

21

Sri C. Thyagaraja Naidu, B.Sc., B.L.,

03-05-2004 To 20-10-2004

22

Sri B. Chandra Kumar, B.A., LL.B.,

18-11-2004 To 21-09-2006

23

Sri B. Sivasankara Rao, M.Com, LL.B.,

14-12-2006 To 30-04-2010

24

Sri T. Bhaktavatsalam, B.Sc., B.L.,

30-04-2010 To 31-07-2012

25

Sri G. Chakradhara Rao, B.Com., B.L.,

05-09-2012 To 22-04-2013

26

Sri A. Radha Krishna, B.Com., B.L.,

26-04-2013 To 31.07.2014

27

Sri K.V.Vijaya Kumar, B.Com., L.L.M,

16-05-2015 To 31-08-2016

28

Smt M.G.Priyadarshini, M.A(Triple)., M.L.,

31-08-2016 To 31-12-2018

                  29 Sri C.Purushottam Kumar 07-01-2019 to 23-02-2019

30

Smt P.Venkata Jyothirmai

15-04-2019 To Continued

 

 

IMPORTANT PLACES IN THE DISTRICT:

 

Temples

Kondameeda Devaalayaalu:-

There are two famous hill temples i.e., (KONDAMEEDA DEVAALAYAALU) Out of which the Northern one is for “Vishnu” and the Southern one is for “Siva. The Northern Vishnu Temple was constructed by the King of Ongole and the southern Siva Temple was constructed by his Minister Vankayalapati Chakrappa Panthulu.

Thripuranthakam:-
Another place Tripuranthakam is famous for Goddess Bala Tripurasundari and there are preaches of Buddha in that area.

Singarakonda:-
This District is also known for the location of famous temples in Singarakonda of Addanki Mandal where Lord Anjaneyaswamy incarnated as “Swayambhu”.

Vallur:-
Goddess “Valluramma” is incarnated as “Swayambhu” at Vallur village of Ongole Mandal which is a distance of 7 Kms. from Ongole.

Bhairavakona-:
Lord Bhairaveswara Swamy is incarnated at Bhairavakona in the forest area of C.S. Puram mandal.

Malakonda:-
Lord Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy along with Goddes Srilakshmi Devi is incarnated in Malakonda Hills of Voletivaripalem Mandal which is at a distance of 45 Kms. from Kandukur Town. Only on Saturdays pilgrims are allowed for Darshan of God and Goddes.

Srisailam:-
One of the “Jyothirlingams” i.e. Srisailam is very nearer to Prakasam District and the eastern way of the said temple is towards Nallamala forest which is located in Prkasam District.

A great priest Acharya Bharadwaja who also hailed from Ongole renouned as the preacher of Saitatvam.

There is “Baptist Church” in the heart of Ongole Town and the area itself is known a Church Centre and it is one of the oldest churches in the State of Andhra Pradesh with more than 100 years of History.

 

Sea-Coast

 

The district has a fairly long coastline of 102 Kms. The Mandals having Seacoast are Chirala, Vetapalem, Chinaganjam, Naguluppalapadu, Ongole, Kothapatnam, Tangutur, Singarayakonda, Ulavapadu and Gudluru. There are some beaches in the Seacoast. Important among them are Vodarevu at Chirala, Motupalli, Kothapatnam and Ramayapatnam.

Kothapatnam:-
Kothapatnam Seashore is located at Pallepalem of Kothapatnam on the shore of Bay of Bengal at a distance of 18 Kms. from Ongole town.

Vodarevu at Chirala:-
Another Seashore is situated at Vadarevu at a distance of 3 Kms. from Chirala Town on the shore of Bay of Bengal. ITC Co. Ltd. Constructed Guest House at Vadarevu. Before the Independence, ships were in use for transportation between Chirala and Madras.

Ramayapatnam:-
Another Seashore is situated at Ramayapatnam near Karedu village of Ulavapadu Mandal.

 

Reservoirs

Gundlakamma Reservoir is constructed at Mallavaram village of Maddipadu Mandal.

Ramateerdham Reservoir is constructed near Ramateerdham village of Chimakurthy Mandal.

 

Industries

Chimakurthy:-
The latest innovations of Super Quality Granites called as Granite Galaxy are in and around Chimakurthy Hills is part of this Ongole District, 23 Kms. away from Ongole twon.

 

Martur:-
Martur area is also famous for Granite Industry.

Markapur:-
Markapur area of this district is famous for “Slate “ Industry.

Chirala:-
Chirala is famous for Handloom Industries and also called as “Mini Bombay”. Weaving is the main profession in Chirala area.

Any other information which is relevant pertaining to the District:-

 

Brief History of Prakasam District (previously Ongole District) :
About the name of ONGOLE

   With regard to the origin of the Name “ONGOLE” for the town the saying in that this area in and around Ongole was a hunting place for Rajas of “YENDLURU” a village situated to the North West of Ongole town at a distance of 8 Kilometers; and there was a Fort owned by the Kshakthriya rulers of Yendluru. They used to go for hunting on their way to Sea-shore at Kothapatnam; and one day while they were on their hunting spree for hares in the area, the hares resisted the hunting hounds of the Raja and chased them away without falling a prey to them; this bravery of the hares attracted the attention of the Raja and they decided to establish a Fort and town in this area and constructed a town as their head quarter and they named it as “VANGANI PROLU” taking into consideration the unbending bravery of the hares. They constructed a Fort also there, in or about 1620. The name gradually changed into “VANGAVOLU” now calling as “ONGOLE” . There is also other saying that the area is with good number of cows and Oxen and as the cow and Oxe are the symbols of “PRANAVAM” or OMKAR the gift of Lord Krishna and Shiva, it is known as “ Om Govulu”, as a pious and sacred place. The area to the East of the road leading from Bandlamitta to Addanki gate is even now called as “ Kota area”.

 

Formation of PRAKASAM DISTRICT

   Ongole District came into existence on 02-02-1970 with the carving out portions of Markapur Revenue Division from Kurnool, Ongole Revenue Division from Guntur and Kandukur Revenue Division from Nellore Districts. It was renamed as Prakasam District in 1972 in memory of the eminent freedom fighter, later Chief Minister of the composite Madras State and the first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh State, late Sri Tanguturi “Prakasam Panthulu”, “ANDHRA KESARI”who was born at Vinodarayunipalem, a hamlet of Kanuparthi village of Naguluppalapadu Mandal of the District.

 

   Any note on Ongole town will be incomplete without the mention of ANDHRA KESARI TANGUTURI PRAKASAM PANTHULU. It is a matter of pride for the people of Ongole town to say that “ANDHRA KESARI” ardined leader of Andhra belongs to Ongole.

 

Boundaries of Prakasam District

East : Bay of Bengal
West: Kurnool District
North: Partly by Guntur and Mahaboobnagar Districts.
South: Partly by Nellore and Cuddapah Districts.

 

Administrative Units of theDistrict
   The District comprises three Revenue divisions viz., Ongole, Kandukur and Markapur. As many as 56 Mandals were formed separately for Revenue and Panchayat Raj with effect from 25-05-1985 in place of 14 erstwhile Taluks and 17 Panchayat Samithies with the objective of bringing the administration to the doorsteps of the people. They started functioning from 15-01-1987. Besides, 4 Municipalities are in the District viz., Ongole, Kandukur, Chirala and Markapur.

 

Hills

   The important hill ranges in the district are the picturesque Nallamalas and the Veligondas.

 

Nallamala Forest:-
   The Nallamalas consist of a range of unbroken rugged and fairly steep hills with an average elevation about 620 Mtrs. running in a North-South direction over a length of about 113 Kms. east and the Kurnool District forest division on the West. The Nallamala traverse the Mandals of Giddalur, Ardhaveedu, Cumbum, Markapur and Yerragondapalem. There are two passes in the Nallamalas namely the Nandi kanuma and Manbala kanuma. The Nandi kanuma forms the main artery of communication between Kurnool and Bellary Districts of Karnataka on the west and coastal districts on the East, whereas the later links Atmakur and Kurnool on the West and Dornala, Yerragondapalem and Markapur on the East.

Veligonda Hills:-
   The portions of the Veligondas falling within Prakasam District, stand out prominently as two continuous parallel ranges of fairly steep hills, running in a North-South direction with vide valley in between. The water shed of the Eastern range of hills forms the boundary between Giddalur and Kanigiri Mandals. The water from these hills drain in a Northernly direction in to Gundlakamma River.

 

Rivers

Gundlakamma River:-
The Gundlakamma River rises at an altitude of about 2,700 ft near Gundla Brahmeswaram of Nallamala forest. It runs in a North-Eastly direction touches Mundlamur, Addanki, Maddipadu and Ongole Mandals and falls into Bay of Bengal near Devarampadu of Ongole Mandal.

 

Manneru River :-
The river Manneru rises in the Veligondas at Balupalli of C.S. Puram Mandal flows through Nellore District and takes a turn at Pentrala of Lingasamudram Mandal in the District. It flows a distance of 112 Kms. and falls into Bay of Bengal near Karedu village of Ulavapadu Mandal.

Musi River:-
The river Musi rises near Dokkalasala in the Veligondas. It flows first easternly and then southernly through Markapur, Darsi northern border of Podili, Kondepi, Tangutur and Kothapatnam mandals falls into the Bay of Bengal near Madanur of Kothapatnam Mandal.

Paleru River:-
The river Paleru rises in the Veligondas and flows through Veligandla, Kanigiri, Kandukur, Zarugumalli, Singarayakonda and Tangutur Mandals for a distance of 112 Kms. and falls into the Bay of Bengal at Pakala of Singarayakonda Mandal.

 

Tanks

 

   A huge tank at Cumbum was constructed by Sri Krishna Devarayalu, Emperor of Vijayanagaram and from that Tank the Gundlakamma River starts its journey upto Bay of Bengal.
   Bhavanasi Tank is located at Singarakonda of Addanki Mandal.

 

 

World Famous Ongole breed Bulls

 

Cows and Bulls:-
   Ongole as referred already finds a place on the Map of the Cattle Wealth of India. It is said breed of Cows and Bulls known as Ongole breed is world famous.

 

 

Freedom Fighters

 

   The Great Freedom Fighter ANDHRA KESARI Tanguturi Prakasam Pantulu garu is native of Vinodarayunipalem village near Ammanabrolu of Prakasam District.

   Another Great Freedom Fighter of this area Duggirala Gopalakrishnaiah is well known for his Rama Dandu agitation against British Rules.

 

 

POETS

 

   Ongole is famous for poets like, Yerrapragada, Kandukuri Rudrakavi, Nayani Subbarao. Sri B.Hanuma Reddy, One of the Senior Advocate herein is also a well known poet. Prakasam district is fortunate to be the birth place of famous musician like Thyagayya who hails from Kakarla of Cumbum area and also Syamasastry another musician.

   Dr. Dhara Ramanatha Sastry is a poet of Natyavadhanam of Ongole town and another poet Sri Nagabhairava Koteswara Rao belongs to Gundlapalli village of Ongole District.

 

 

PERSONS

 

   Andhra Kesari Tanguturi Prakasam Pantulu garu belongs to the District.

   Bharata Ratna award winner Sri Mokshagundam Visweswaraiah (Engineer) belongs to the District.

 

 

Artists

 

Great artists Bhanumathi, Giri Babu, Dharmavarapu Subrahmanyam, A.V.S. and great writer Sri M.V.S.Haranatha Rao and Marudhuri Raja; and Great Director Sri T.Krishna and Music Director Sri Vandematharam Srinivas hail from this Ongole town.

 

 

Advocates

 

Sri P.P.Rao, Advocate, Supreme Court of India who was rewarded “Padmabhushan” award in Constitutional Law belongs to this District.

 

 

ESTABLISHMENT OF DISTRICT COURT

 

The present District Munsif Court was established in 1889 when Ongole was part of old Nellore District. It was originally having Jurisdiction over Podili, Kanigiri and Kandukur Taluks.

The District Court was established on 15.04.1971 after the formation of Ongole District. At the time of the formation of the District there were only 12 courts functioning and presently the number reached 36 i.e., 35 regular Courts, 1 Fast Track Courts; and 11 Spl. Judl. Second Class Courts.

Principal District & Sessions Judge’s Court - 1
Addl. District & Sessions Judge’s Court - 2 Regular District Courts(1 at Ongole and another one at Markapur)
Spl. Court for speedy trial of offences under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 [POCSO Act], Ongole - 1
II Addl. District & Sessions Judge's Court-cum-Spl. Court for trial of Offences against Women, Ongole - 1
Special Court for SCs and STs (PA) Act - 1
Family Court - 1 [at Ongole]
Additional District Court (Fast Track Court)- 1 (1 at Ongole)
Senior Civil Judge’s Courts - 8
Junior Civil Judge’s Courts - 20
Spl. Judl. Second Class Magistrate Courts - 11