Pulwama (known as Panwangam in antiquity and later as Pulgam is a town and a notified area committee in Pulwama district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is almost 40 km (25 mi) from the summer capital of Srinagar. Pulwama is often called the "Anand of Kashmir" or "Dudha-Kul of Kashmir" on account of its high milk production. District Pulwama came into being in the year 1979 in the larger interests of maintenance of law and order, closer supervision, more effective control and above all to ensure balanced development of the area. Pulwama district comprised 550 villages, which were grouped in five (5) Tehsils viz. Shopian, Pulwama, Tral, Pampore & Awantipora. Now, again in 2007, the district has been bifurcated in two parts viz. District Shopian & District Pulwama. In District Pulwama there are four (4) tehsils namely Pulwama, Tral, Awantipora & Pampore. The total number of villages came down to 331 with four (4) CD Blocks and part of Keller block. The reporting area of this district has been reduced to 0.61 lac Hectares from 0.98 Hectares after creation of the new Hill District, Shopian. The District Pulwama is reported to be one of the pretty spots on the earth, because of its congenial climate, innumerable springs, streams, water falls, fragrant flowers delicious fruits and other natural sceneries. Besides Pulwama is famous all over the world for the saffron cultivation which is mainly grown in the Karewa lands of Pampore, Kakapora and Pulwama blocks.The district is also called Rice Bowl of Kashmir for maximum production of rice grains in the J & K state. The district is centrally located in the valley of Kashmir and is a resting place for Adventure Tourists since it is full of clean water Streams, Lakes, Magnificent Trees and Mighty Mountains where the air is cool and water sweet.