The Tawang district occupies an area of 2,172 square kilometres. It was carved out of the West Kameng District, which adjoins it to the east. Bhutan borders Tawang to the west and south and Tibet lies to the north of the district. The District has a population of 49,977 (as per 2011 Census) and almost 75% of which are considered "tribal", i.e. belonging to the native Monpa and others. The sensitivity of the border area brings Tawang under heavy military presence. In winter, Tawang frequently experiences heavy snowfall.
The District is administered by the Deputy Commissioner – cum – District Magistrate who was Previously vested with dual power of executive and Judicial on him. The Deputy Commissioner was also the District and Session Judge – cum – Chief Judicial Magistrate. However, with the Notification No. JUD/DCS-37/2010 dated 6 Jan’ 2016 of Government of Arunachal Pradesh, Judiciary was formally separated from Executive. Thus, the Judicial Courts of A.P was created and since then Mr. Tailang Laji has been posted as the Judicial Magistrate First Class – cum – Civil Judge (Junior Division) at Tawang.