The revenue district of Thoubal used to be part of the judicial district of Manipur West. The District and Session Court, Manipur West with its office at Imphal exercised jurisdiction over it. On July 19, 2013, the Thoubal District came to have its separate District and Session Court. After the bifurcation of the said district, the District & Session Court, Thoubal continues to have territorial jurisdiction over the entire Thoubal and Kakching districts. The Court of Civil Judge (Senior) Division/ Chief Judicial Magistrate and Court of Civil Judge (Junior) Division/ Judicial Magistrate First Class which have pre-existed the District & Session Court are also functioning.
In 2017, the Family Court, Thoubal was also established under 14th Finance Award with territorial jurisdiction same as that of the District Court, Thoubal. At present, the said Court is located within the premise of DC Complex, Thoubal.